Botanicals used by CJSC “Buket Moldavii”

The unique character of the aromatized drinks of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is largely determined by the recipe of mixture of raw materials: botanicals, spicy and aromatic ingredients used to give a specific taste and aroma to beverages. The composition of the recipes is a carefully guarded secret of our company. The composition of infusions for aromatized wines, vermouths and other drinks includes more than 60 names of ingredients of vegetable origin. These are leaves, flowers and blossoms, seeds of herbs and plants, roots and rhizomes of plants, bark of trees or shrubs, dry and juicy fruits, as well as essential oils. Such raw materials are harvested by our specialists during the period of the greatest content of essential oils. Herbs and flowers are harvested during the flowering period, the buds – at the beginning of swelling, the fruits are usually harvested when fully ripe, roots and rhizomes – shortly before change toward the state of winter rest. The collected raw materials, after sorting and preparation, are subjected to drying or processing.

Most of our botanicals are grown on fields in the valley of the Dniester River and in the forestry of the republic. Spices and essential oils are purchased from specialized companies. The preparation of extracts from the ingredients is carried out according to traditional methods used in production of aromatized wines and spirits.

 

Calamus (Acorus calamus L.)

  

Calamus is a perennial herbaceous plant with a thick creeping rhizome, yellowish-brown or reddish-brown color on the outside, pinkish in a fracture, sometimes with a yellow or greenish tinge. It grows in lentic and slowly flowing shallow waters, on the outskirts of ponds and in damp ditches. The taste of its rhizomes is bitter-burning, the smell is strong, pleasant.

The roots and rhizomes of the plant are used by CJSC “Buket Moldavii” as one of the raw materials in the recipe of a strong drink “Calamus” and vermouth. The rhizomes are harvested in the swampy forestry area in the valley of the Dniester River.

It occupies an area of 0.001 hectares.

 

Japanese quince (Chaenoméles japónica L.)

Japanese quince is a perennial decorative shrub or tree with red-orange flowers, not exceeding 3 m in height. New branches are green, then changing into black-brown, first scaly and felted, then smooth. The buds are smooth, black. Its fruit is an almost spherical apple of yellow color about 4 cm in diameter with a lot of brown seeds. Edible, but hard and less popular in jam preparation than the fruit of oblong quince.

The fruits of Japanese quince are used by our company to prepare infusion, the main component of liqueurs, bitters and aromatized wines.

Shrubs are grown on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii”, they occupy an area of ​​4.0 hectares. 

 

Anise (Anisum vulgare Gaertn.)                                                                                                                                                                         

Anise is an annual herbaceous plant. Its fruit is diachenium with rough surface. The taste of achenes is tart and sweet, the smell is strong, specific.

Our company prepares infusion from the fruits of anise and uses it in production of vodka “Anisette”.

Anise plants are grown on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii”, they occupy an area of ​​0.01 hectares.

 

Orange oil

In appearance, it is a fairly fluid liquid, which contains dyes, pigments and other ingredients extracted by the way of hydrodistillation or cold pressing from a peel of oranges. It has a sweetish, slightly tart, but very bright fruity aroma, conveying the atmosphere of the sunny tropics.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii” orange oil is used as a component in production of balsams, aromatized wines, vermouths.

 

Mountain arnica (Arnica Montana L.)

It is a grassy winter-green perennial with a peculiar pleasant aroma. Its rhizome is creeping, horizontally branched or obliquely ascending, cylindrical, multi-headed, short (up to 15 cm long), about 1 cm thick, with numerous filiform (up to 1 mm in diameter) subordinate roots, brown or reddish-brown outside. Its stem is erect, often branched at the top, 15-80 cm high, covered with short, simple and glandular hairs, especially dense in the upper part.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii”, this herb is one of the components for infusion used in production of balsams.

The mountain arnica plants are grown on the fields of our factory, they occupy an area of ​​0.001 hectares.

 

Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa)

Chokeberry or Aronia is a fruit tree or a shrub. Its blossoms are small, white or yellowish, clustered in multiflorous inflorescences. The berries are purple-black, having a slightly acid, sweet, tart taste.

It is a real treasury of useful substances. Berries contain a rich natural complex of vitamins (P, C, E, K, B1, B6, beta-carotene), macro- and microelements (boron, iron, manganese, copper, molybdenum, fluorine), sugars (glucose, fructose, sucrose), Pectin and tannins.

At our enterprise, berries of chokeberry are used for making the infusion, which is part of the liqueur “Chokeberry”, balsams, aromatized wines, and bitters.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 6.0 hectares.

 

Sweet basil (Ocimum basiliicum L.)

Sweet basil is an annual herbaceous plant of the family Lamiaceae. Its stem is straight, tetrahedral, heavily branched, 50-70 cm high, folious. Leaves are short-petiolate, oblong-ovate, rarely dentate. The stem, leaves and flower cups are covered with hairs. The greenery of basil has a very pleasant spicy scent of pimento with a slightly refreshing salty taste.

This green crop is one of the oldest spices.

Our specialists use basil for making infusion which is a part of aromatized wines.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

             

Black elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.)

Black elderberry is a branchy tree-like shrub, up to 3-4 meters high, from the family Caprifoliaceae. Black elderberry grows in forests, parks, near houses, along river banks and many other places; it is not fastidious for the types of soils. Black elderberry is often cultivated as an ornamental plant.

Sometimes young inflorescences of black elderberry or the juice of its fruits are added to the grape must to improve the taste and aroma of wine. Harmless red and violet dyes used in food industry are made from the ripe fruits. Juice of fruits is used to dye silk and wool in different tones. Blossoms, berries and extract from berries are widely used in food industry and in winemaking.

Blossoms of black elderberry are used by our company as one of the components of infusion used in production of liqueurs and aromatized wines.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

Garden heliotrope (Valeriana officinalis L.)

Garden heliotrope is a perennial herbaceous plant. The color of the rhizome and roots outside is yellowish brown, and from yellowish to brown on the fracture. The aroma is strong. The taste of the water extract is spicy, sweetish-bitter. Roots and rhizomes are used in medicine and in winemaking.

The factory uses the roots and rhizomes of garden heliotrope as one of the components of infusion for production of aromatized wines.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

  
Vanilla (Vanilla L.)

It is a spice made from immature fruits of several kinds of plants of the genus Vanilla, primarily from Vanilla planifolia, from which several cultured varieties of vanilla of top quality were obtained, with long pods of 20-25 centimeters. In pharmaceutical products it is used for flavoring. It is widely used in perfumery, as well as in food industry for flavoring of confectionery, tobacco, ice cream, yoghurt, chocolate, non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii” we use it to make infusion for production of aromatized wines, balsams, strong drinks and liqueurs.

 

Cloves (Caryophyllis  aromatic L.)

This spice is dried, unopened buds (flower buds) of a tropical clove tree. Clove has a burning taste and a peculiar strong aroma. Notably, the burning taste and aroma are concentrated in different parts of the bud. The finest aroma is given by the head, and the burning part is located in the petiole. This spice is used all over the world. It is widely used as a spice in cooking and for flavoring wines and other beverages.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii” we use it to make infusion for production of aromatized wines, balsams, and strong drinks.

 

Crane’s-bill (Geranium L.) and geranium oil 

This meadow annual or perennial plant is an unpretentious and beautiful houseplant. It is cultivated mainly for production of essential oil, which is produced by steam distillation from fresh raw materials, at small distillation units located near the collection site.

Geranium oil is a liquid of yellow, or yellow-green color, with a specific smell of geranium, with shades of rose and mint. Geranium oil fully conveys the characteristic smell of plant leaves with a warm, tart and bitter base, which is complemented by sweetish floral and fruit nuances. One can also distinguish resinous, lemon, rose and mint notes. Thanks to these qualities, leaves and oil are widely used in cooking and in production of alcoholic beverages.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii” it is used as a component of infusion for balsams and aromatized wines.

 

Avens (Geum urbanum L.)

Avens is a perennial herbaceous plant 30-60 cm high with a thick, oblique, often unbranched rhizome from which a basal leaf rosette develops. Its stem is erect, faceted, covered with soft hairs, slightly branched, in the upper part covered with soft white hairs. Tannins, essential oils, starch, resins, and bitter substances are found in the roots and rhizome. Rhizome and roots, which have a pleasant smell and bitter-astringent taste, are used as a spicy seasoning for vegetable dishes, as a substitute for spicy aromatic plants, cloves and cinnamon, in the confectionery, canning, alcoholic beverage industry and brewing.

Our company uses the roots and rhizomes of avens as one of the components of infusion for production of aromatized wines and strong drinks.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.1 hectares.

 

Walnut (Júglans régia L.)

Crude fruits are highly nutritious, they have a pleasant taste and are used in dietary nutrition and in confectionery. It is very useful to eat a walnut of milk-wax ripeness. While the content of vitamin C in the ripe kernel is relatively small (85 mg/100 g), the green walnut is far better in this. The green fruit contains 3000 mg/100 g, which is 8 times more than in the fruits of black currant and 50 times more than in oranges. Such green walnuts are not eaten in their raw form. But one can get great benefits from jam made from green walnuts. They must be collected during the greatest accumulation of vitamin C, then one gets more benefit from them. It is easy to determine this moment. The kernel of walnut has not yet hardened, it is in a gelatinous state, and the shell has not yet formed. The shell is soft, juicy, easily pierced. Such fruits concentrate natural vitamin complex, therefore it is expedient to use them for processing during this period. From the green fruits, one can prepare a rich vitamin extract, which also has medicinal properties.

The extract of green walnuts is used by our factory for production of liqueurs, balsams, bitters, and aromatized wines.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 4.8 hectares.

 

Elecampane (Inula helenium L.)

Elecampane belongs to the perennials, it can also be annual, but only occasionally. By its size, elecampane can be up to 2 meters in height. The plant is herbaceous and it looks like a bush. Its leaves are elongated and pointed at the ends, and the stem is straight and quite firm. The flowers of elecampane are quite large and catchy. Their color is from yellow to orange, which makes it possible to discern the plant and immediately recognize it, without being confused with any other. Usually elecampanes are met in a meadow, not far from a pond, as well as in any ditch or quarry. High plants with a wide straight stem are most preferable – their roots are better. Useful properties of elecampane are in substances found in its root and rhizome. Despite the bitter taste and pungent smell, they are the most valuable part of the plant. On their basis all kinds of tea, infusions, tinctures are made.

Our company uses roots and rhizomes of elecampane to prepare infusions for aromatized wines, balsams and strong drinks.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.1 hectares.

 

King’s-clover (Melilotus officinalis L.)

King’s-clover is a high, herbaceous bush, up to 2 meters in height, with a coumarinic odor. Its stem is erect, branched, bare, firm, woody at the base, slightly covered with hairs in the upper part. Its root is rod-shaped. The flowers are yellow, small, drooping, clustered in long, multicolored, erect brushes. Its corolla is of papilionaceous type. Leaves and flowers are used as a flavoring for meat, fish, dairy, tobacco, in the production of various tinctures, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

Our specialists use herbaceous parts of the plant to prepare infusions for aromatized wines and strong drinks.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.1 hectares.

 

Origanum (Origanum vulgare L.)

This herbaceous perennial plant with violet-pink inflorescences called origanum features wonderful aroma. Origanum has a tender, bitterish-spicy flavor and a burning taste. Tea from origanum is incredibly fragrant and tasty, very similar to thyme, however much more pleasant and softer. Flowers and leaves are used as spices and seasonings for food, besides origanum is widely used in alcohol production.

The herb is used by our company in preparation of infusions for aromatized wines, strong drinks and herbal tea compositions.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 1.0 hectare.

 

Sweet vernal grass (Anthoxantum odoratum L.)

It is a perennial herb which forms a turf. Its stems are thin, erect, smooth, unbranched, with one or three joints, they reach a height of 10-50 cm. It is a low grass. Vernal grass has no smell, but being dried, it gets a pleasant aroma due to the content of coumarin in it, which gives the dried grass a peculiar “hay” smell. This plant is used as an additive to snuff and smoking tobacco to give it a pleasant odor; as an aromatic raw material in alcoholic beverage production, for production of food essences, in soap and perfume.

Our company uses herb of the plant to prepare infusions for aromatized wines and strong drinks.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.1 hectares.

 

Garden angelica (Archangelica officinalis L.)

Angelica is a biennial or perennial medicinal plant belonging to the Umbelliferae family, growing to 2.5 m in height. The plant has a brown, powerful rhizome with many roots. The roots contain white or yellow juice. It is a peculiar plant with a strong, fragrant smell and sweet, spicy, burning-bitter taste. Rhizomes and roots are used as spices to flavor liqueurs, beverages, wines. Our factory uses rhizomes and roots of garden angelica to prepare infusions for aromatized wines.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum L.)

St. John’s wort or St. John’s wort perforated is a perennial plant of the Hypericaceae family, up to 80 cm high with a branchy thin rhizome and numerous accessory roots. Its stems are erect, thin, dihedral, branched, bare. Its leaves are opposite, small, oval or oblong, entire, with translucent glandules in the shape of black dots, sessile. The flowers are golden yellow with black dots, densely covered with corymbose inflorescences.

Tea with St. John’s wort is a tonic and healthy drink. It is good to drink it in winter, this tea has no side effects. Herb and extract from St. John’s wort are used in preparation of various drinks, in production of aromatized wines.

Our factory uses St. John’s wort to prepare infusions for aromatized wines, strong drinks and herbal tea compositions.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.3 hectares.

 

Sweet grass (Hierochloae odorata L.)

Sweet grass (also called holy grass) is perennial plant from the family of Gramineae. The grass has a pleasant fragrant smell. The rhizome is creeping and long. The stem is smooth and straight, and there are thickened joints on its body. In height, it can reach 0.3-0.7 m. The leaves are flat, extending and tapering toward their upper part. Basal leaves are longer than those that are closer to the top. The front side of the leaf is green, the rear side has a light grayish hue.

Sweet grass is widely used in production of alcoholic beverages, alcoholic cocktails.

Our specialists use this grass to prepare infusion for special vodka “Zubrovka” and balsams.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.1 hectares.

 

Florentine iris (Iris florentina L.)                                                                                                                                          

 

Another name of the Florentine iris is orris. It is a perennial herbaceous representative of the flora, growing to 60 centimeters. Its rhizome is creeping, thick. Its stem is longer than the leaves, it is branched in the upper part. The rhizome of Florentine iris is used, in fresh condition it has an unpleasant smell, while in a dried form it is quite aromatic. Iris is rich in essential oils, tannins, it contains organic acids and resins.

The company uses roots and rhizomes of iris to produce infusion for aromatized wines.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.)

It is a sub-shrub with strong balsamic odor. In many countries it is cultivated as a plant for essential oil, spices and decoration. It is a fine honey plant. New sprigs with leaves and flowers in fresh and dried form have a ginger-sage aroma and a bitter pleasant spicy taste. It is used as a fragrant seasoning for flavoring the dishes and cold appetizers. In some countries, hyssop is used in production of a tonic drink for the elderly people. Hyssop occupies an important place in dietary nutrition. Hyssop oil, as well as dry herb, is widely used in the aromatization of beverages and perfumes.

The company uses hyssop as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.1 hectares.

 

Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.)

The valuable product obtained by pressing the ground beans, cocoa butter serves as the basis of chocolate, and is also widely used in perfumery and in pharmacology. The dry residue after pressing is ground and it is used in the form of cocoa powder for preparation of drinks, as well as in food production.

Our factory uses cocoa powder to prepare infusions for production of liqueurs and strong drinks.

 

Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum L.)

Seeds of cardamom combine advantages of several spices: they have something from ginger, something from nutmeg, and something from white pepper. Fruits ripen for the third year, they have a very strong aroma with camphor tones and belong to the most expensive spices, which is why they are called “the queen of spices”. Cardamom is burning and gentle at the same time, sharp and soft; notes of eucalyptus and camphor give it a piquant refreshing taste. If you add cardamom seeds to homemade alcoholic beverages, it will hide the smell of alcohol and give a unique and inimitable taste to wine and liqueur. Cardamom is widely used in production of alcoholic beverages for flavoring them.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii” it is used for production of infusion for aromatized wines and strong drinks.

 

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum L.)

Cinnamon is an evergreen tree, a species of the genus Cinnamomum. Cinnamon is also the dried tree bark, which is widely used as a spice. Sometimes cinnamon is sold in the form of rolled up pieces of bark, and more often – in the ground form. It is widely used in perfumery, as well as in food industry for flavoring confectionery, non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii” it is used for production of infusion for aromatized wines, balsams and strong drinks.

 

Coriander (Coriándrum sátivum L.)

Coriander is an annual plant belonging to the Umbelliferae family. Taste and aroma of coriander seeds are due to its main constituent, essential oil. The taste is spicy, slightly bitter. The aroma is sweet. The seeds of coriander are widely used as spices for flavoring confectionery and culinary products, as well as for production of certain varieties of beer and alcoholic beverages.

Our company uses coriander seeds as one of the component for production of infusion for aromatized wines, balsams and strong drinks.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.3 hectares.

 

Catmint (Nepeta cataria L.)

Catmint is a perennial herbaceous plant, it reaches a height of 1 meter. The plant contains up to 3% of essential oil, which causes a strong peculiar ("lemon") smell attracting cats. Therefore the species epithet derives in its Latin, English and Russian names. Its sprigs and leaves are used as spices, seasonings for conservation, for fish and meat, they are often added to beverages and sauces. Catmint can be added to tea, used in confectionery, thus giving a pleasant aroma and taste. Essential oil, which is contained in the plant, has an unusual lemon smell.

The company uses herb as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines, vermouths, strong drinks and herbal tea compositions.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.1 hectares.

 

Coffee (Coffea L.)

Coffee beans grow on coffee tree, from them coffee is made.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii” coffee is used to make infusions for production of liqueurs and strong drinks.

 

Lavender (Lavandula L.) 

Lavender is a herbaceous or shrubby plant, it belongs to the family of Lamiaceae and has a very strong and persistent aroma. Lavender is an evergreen shrub. It grows in a bush with height of 50-60 centimeters. The stem of the plant is straight, slightly bent on the edges and covered with felt. At the end it has very narrow flowers of a light gray hue, resembling spikelets in appearance, although the palette of hues can vary from blue to deep purple. Lavender is widely used in cooking, household chemicals, production of non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages, perfumes and cosmetics. Essential oil, obtained from lavender, is used in alcoholic beverage industry.

The company uses inflorescences of lavender as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

Maral root (Rhaponticum carthamoídes L.)

It is a perennial herbaceous plant 50-80 cm high with a horizontal branchy dark-brown rhizome covered with numerous roots. In Siberia, the plant is known as “maral grass”, and the root is called “maral root”. This plant is included in the recipes of tonic and other alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

Our factory uses the roots of the plant for production of infusion for aromatized wines and balsams.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.001 hectares.

 

Linden (Tília L.) 

Linden (lime tree) is a genus of woody plants. This is a tree with a dense crown, it is widely cultivated in almost all cities and towns. At a time when linden blossoms, an amazingly delicate, gentle and sweetish aroma is in the air, it is felt far beyond the linden gardens and parks.

As a medicinal raw material, only linden blossoms are used. Inflorescences of linden are used in winemaking and alcoholic beverage production. Linden blossom is widely used in preparation of tea. Linden and honey aroma and taste will refine any drink.

The company uses linden blossom as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines, vermouths and in the compositions of herbal tea.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 3.5 hectares.

 

Lemon oil 

It is an ssential oil made from lemon fruits by cold pressing (Lemon Oil Expressed), or else by steam distillation (Lemon Oil Distilled). Like other essential oils, it is not one chemical entity, but a mixture of natural volatile aromatic substances, especially limonene and linalyl acetate. It has a unique fruity smell of fresh lemons, cold and bitter. It is used as a flavoring agent for alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, confectionery.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii” it is used in infusion for production of aromatized wines.

 

Lovage (Levisticum L .) 

It is a perennial herbaceous plant, a monotype of the genus Umbelliferae family. The only species is lovage (in Latin, Levisticum officinále).

It has a strong aroma and a very spicy taste, which slightly resembles celery. Lovage is used in cooking, as well as in preparation of wines and spirits.

Our factory uses stems and leaves of the plant in infusion for production of vermouth.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.03 hectares.

 

Marjoram (Majorana hortensis Moench)

Marjoram is an annual herbaceous plant with high branching stems, with fragrant leaves and small spiky inflorescences. The aroma of marjoram is sweet, spicy-floral, resembling camphor, its taste is spicy, burning, fine and sweet. Leaves and essential oil from flowers of the plant are used in cooking, for medical purposes, in wine industry.

The company uses tops of leafy stems with inflorescences as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines and balsams.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

                        

Melissa (Melissa officinalis L.) 

It is a perennial herbaceous essential oil plant, a species of the genus Melissa. Often the plant is mentioned under another name – lemon balm.

Our factory uses herbal part of the plant as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines, vermouths, strong drinks and in compositions of herbal tea.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.6 hectares.

 

Almond (Prunus dulcis L.) 

It is a shrub or small tree from the subgenus Almond (Amygdalus) of the genus Plum. Almond is often referred to as nuts, although in fact it is a stone fruit. In size and shape, almonds are like peach stones.

Seeds of sweet almonds are used fresh, toasted, or salted for food, and also as a spice when preparing various products from dough, sweets, chocolate, liqueurs, giving them exquisite taste. Shells of almond stones are used to improve the color of alcoholic beverages; activated charcoal is made from its shells.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii” almonds seeds are used as a component of infusion for production of vermouths and balsams.

 

Horsemint (Monarda citriodora L. )

Horsemint is a very impressive perennial decorative and spicy plant with a pleasant lemon scent, about 1 meter high.

The popular names of the plant may sound like bergamot, lemon mint, American melissa. By these names it becomes clear that it has a spicy characteristic smell and is rich in essential oils. Indeed, horsemint has a strong aroma close to these of mint and lemon.

In cooking, horsemint is used in preparation of amazingly delicious tea drinks. Thus, only a few leaves of this plant will give tea a pleasant lemon-resinous flavor.

The company uses this herb as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines, vermouths and strong drinks.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.1 hectares.

 

Peppermint (Mеntha piperíta L.)

Peppermint is a perennial herbaceous plant, with a horizontal branchy rhizome and thin fibrous roots.

In modern cooking, the leaves and aerial parts collected during the flowering period are used. Essential oil and menthol made from them are widely used in medicine, perfumery, confectionery and alcoholic beverage industry, in production of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

At the factory the herb of the plant is used as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines, vermouths, strong drinks and compositions of herbal tea.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.125 hectares.

 

Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.)

 

Pennyroyal is a perennial plant up to 50 centimeters high, with smooth rounded stems, small flowers and very fragrant green oval leaves. Leaves and tops of flowering stems are used as spices in cooking, for flavoring alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

Dry leaves contain up to 2% of essential oil. This essential oil is used in perfumery, canning and confectionery production, for flavoring of tea, alcoholic beverages.

Our specialists use herb of this plant as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines, vermouths and strong drinks.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.125 hectares.

 

Pimento (Pimenta dioica officinalis L.)

Pimento or Jamaica pepper is a dried immature fruit of an evergreen tropical tree – allspice tree. These fruits are berries: at first having a blue-green color, after drying they are rough brown corns.

Pimento has a spicy smell, a burning taste and resembles a mixture of black pepper, cloves, nutmeg and cinnamon.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii” the fruits of pimento are used as a component of infusion for production of vermouths.

 

Red pepper (Cаpsicum аnnuum L.) 

Red pepper is a cultivated plant, a half-shrub with red pods, pungent in taste. Its fruits are used for cooking in many countries of the world as spice, for medical purposes, and also in alcoholic beverage production.

At the company it is used for production of infusion for bitters “Pepper”, balsams and vermouths.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.001 hectares.

 

Tansy (Tanacеtum vulgаre L.) 

Tansy is a perennial herbaceous plant. In some regions, tansy is cultivated as an essential oil plant. It is used in food and chemical-pharmaceutical industry. Its leaves are used for flavoring liqueurs, alcoholic beverages, salads, canned goods, confectionery, sometimes they can replace ginger, cinnamon, nutmeg.

Our company uses grass as a component of infusion for production of vermouths.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

Wormwood (Artemísia absínthium L.)

It is a perennial herbaceous plant of silver color, with a strong fragrant smell and famous wormwood bitterness. Extract of wormwood is used for preparation of absinthe (distillate of alcohol infusion from wormwood and other herbs). It is this ingredient that gives absinthe a specific, unique taste.

The plant is usually dried in attics or in the shadowy places, it is laid in a thin layer and turned over from time to time. Correctly dried wormwood has a fragrant, spicy smell and a spicy-bitter taste. Wormwood is one of the main components in vermouth, as well as in certain alcohol infusions.

The company uses this herb as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines, vermouths, balsams, and strong drinks.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.1 hectares.

 

Artemisia balchanоrum (Artemīsia balchanоrum Krasch.

Artemisia balchanоrum (lemon wormwood) is a species of strongly branched semi-shrub of the family of Asteraceae. The aerial parts of this plant are used as raw materials, they feature citrus aroma with tones of orange, lemon, pineapple, besides they contain an essential oil.

This plant is also used in food industry for making lemonade, vermouths, wines, and as an aromatic additive in home-made beverages (for example, in tea). It is harvested during budding or flowering, the plants are mown at a height of 10-12 cm.

The factory uses this herb as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines, vermouths and strong drinks.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.25 hectares.

 

Bitter orange (Citrus aurantium L.)

Bitter orange is a medicinal plant, a kind of sour orange. It is cultivated in India and the Mediterranean.

Thinly cut and dried orange peel has a light green color. It is used in cooking for coloring and flavoring of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

At CJSC “Buket Moldavii” the orange peel is used as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines, vermouths.

 

Roseroot (Rhodiola rosea L.)

Roseroot (also known as “golden root”) is a herbaceous perennial plant growing no more than half a meter. The plant has a thick and vigorous rhizome and fleshy roots.

The name “golden root” was given to the plant due to the look of its rhizome, which has the color of bronze or old gilding with a pearl luster. This plant is especially appreciated because of the medicinal properties of its rhizomes, their quality is equal to ginseng. Roseroot is used in medicine, cosmetology and in alcoholic beverage production.

The company uses roots and rhizomes for production of infusion for aromatized wines.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

Damask rose (Rоsa  Damascena L.) 

Damask rose is an object of industrial cultivation as an essential oil culture; they extract rose oil from its petals in Bulgaria.

It is a perennial branchy shrub up to 1.5 m in height. Its flowers are large, clustered in inflorescences. Its rose contains a fragrant essential oil.

The essential oil is volatile, with a characteristic strong aroma and taste, insoluble in water, basically colorless or slightly colored liquid.

Freshly picked rose petals or essential oil are used to flavor wines and spirits. Rose petals are used to flavor tea, confectionery, soft drinks; jam, jelly and marmalade are prepared from them.

The factory uses rose petals for production of infusion for aromatized wines, vermouths and balsams.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.1 hectares.

 

Wild camomile (Matricаria chamomīlla)

It is an annual herbaceous plant with a strong specific odor. In food industry, inflorescences and chamomile essential oil are used to flavor liqueurs, wines (for example, sherry) and bitters, the leaves of chamomile are used as a spice. The aerial part is used as a substitute for tea.

Our company uses inflorescences of the plant as a component for production of infusion for aromatized wines, vermouths, strong drinks, and herbal tea compositions.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.5 hectares.

 

Celery (Apium L.) 

It is known that celery is not only a valuable foodstuff, but also an amazing remedy. It has a strong aroma and a spicy sweetish-bitter taste. All parts of the plant: leaves, stems, root and seeds are used as a spice in cooking.

The factory uses the aerial parts of the plant for production of infusion for vermouth.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

Caraway (Cárum cárvi L.)

It is a biennial plant, species of the genus Cumin (Carum) of the family Umbelliferae (Apiaceae). Caraway is easily recognizable by the characteristic smell of fruits when rubbed with one’s fingers. Fruits of caraway and derived from them essential oil, as well as leaves and new sprigs are used in cooking. Fruits and oil give the dishes a piquant taste, a peculiar spicy aroma. They are used as a spice for aromatization of bakery products, in cooking, confectionery and production of alcoholic beverages.

Our company uses the fruits of the plant for production of infusion for vermouth.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

Fennel (Foenīculum L.) 

Fennel is a small genus of herbaceous perennial plants of the family Umbelliferae (Apiaceae). It is cultivated as foodstuff and medicinal plant since ancient times. Fennel is a white or pale-green bulb, from which close-set fleshy stems come. These stems are covered with pinnate green leaves, in appearance resembling dill greenery. This is essential, spicy-aromatic plant. It smells like tarragon and mint.

The company uses fruits of fennel for production of infusion for aromatized wines, vermouths and strong drinks.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

     

Horseradish (Armorаcia rusticаna L.) 

Horseradish is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Brassicaceae family, with a vigorous, fleshy root, with a characteristic pungent flavor and taste.

Root of horseradish is used as a spice and as a medicinal plant, as well as in preparation of strong alcoholic beverages.

Our specialists use the roots and rhizomes of the plant for production of special vodka “Horseradish”.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

                                

Pineapple flower (Cephalophora aromatica L.)

It is an annual plant 40-60 cm high with numerous dark green narrow leaves without petioles. Each stem of cephalophora has on its top an inflorescence in the shape of small yellow ball with a diameter of 8-15 mm, perfectly round in shape. The surface of the inflorescence of cephalophores is dotted with minute cells resembling bees’ honeycombs. Each of them is a flower, and thus several hundred achenes are placed in the inflorescence.

Mature pineapple flower has the appearance of a spherical, dense, bright green bush. The root of this plant is rod-shaped, going deep into soil, strongly branched almost from the base.

All aerial parts of the plant are fragrant (including seeds) and have a pleasant aroma of fresh strawberries. Dried herb of cefalophora is used in production of soft drinks and for flavoring of alcohol (wines, vermouths, liqueurs).

The company uses it as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines, vermouths and strong drinks.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

Creeping thyme (Thуnues serpyllum L.)

It is a perennial half-shrub up to 15 cm in height, ending with a decumbent sprout. The flower stems are erect or upright. It has a pleasant strong aroma and a sharp, very spicy, bitter taste. The aerial part of the plant (taken before fruiting) is used in production of drinks.

The company uses the herb as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines and in the compositions of herbal tea.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.3 hectares.

 

Wild rose (Rоsa L.)

Wild rose (rosehip) is a perennial, wild-growing plant of the Rosaceae family. Wild rose is its common name. It is a low multicaulis bush from 1.5-2.5 m in height with arcuate dangling branches, covered with strong clawed thorns. Flowers are pink or white, with five free petals and corolla with diameter up to 5 cm. The fruits are nuts-shaped, single-seeded, enclosed in globular or ovoid hypanthiums, forming a bright red, round or ovate false fruit. The inner walls of the fruit are covered with hairs, sepals remain on top of the fruit.

The certified fruit of the bush must be whole, without flavor, with an acid-sweet, slightly astringent taste. Berries are used for food, and a leaf of a shrub is used for preparing tea. Most often, the fruits are dried at +80 ... 90°C in special dryers, infused in a thermos and drunk as a healing tea.

The company uses rosehips to produce infusion for liqueurs and in the compositions of herbal tea.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.5 hectares.

 

Garden sage (Sаlvia officinаlis L.

It is a herbaceous plant or half-shrub up to 75 cm high, species of the genus Sage of the family Lamiaceae. The height of its straight, branchy stems, woody at the base, reaches 70 cm. The leaves are gray-green, densely pubescent, oblong in shape. Flowers with purple coronals are clustered in the inflorescences. Leaves or flowering tops of sage are used as raw materials. They have a strong sharp odor, a spicy bitter taste, and they are used in alcoholic beverage industry, medicine and perfumery.

The company uses the herb as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

Eucalyptus (Eucalуptus L.) 

Eucalyptus is a numerous genus of evergreen tree plants (trees and shrubs) of the Myrtaceae family.

Eucalyptus is one of the most useful plants. Its wood is very hard and is not prone to decay, valuable essential oils are obtained from its leaves and bark. In the leaves of eucalyptus there are tannins, amarines, organic acids. Eucalyptus has a strong characteristic resinous odor. Dry eucalyptus leaves completely preserve the essential oil enclosed in the thickness of the leaf. Eucalyptus is well combined with juniper, lavender and marjoram. Strong alcoholic beverages are infused on eucalyptus. Eucalyptus leaves are often used in preparation of sweets and desserts, they are used as spices in preparation of aromatized wines.

The factory uses eucalyptus leaves as a component of infusion for production of aromatized wines, vermouths.

Eleuterococus (Eleutherocоccus L.)

Eleuterococcus is a thornbush which has strongly-branching horizontal rhizomes. The trunks of the plant are branching, reaching 4 meters in height, they are covered with thin numerous thorns. Eleuterococcus contains almost all substances that are present in ginseng, therefore it is sometimes called “Siberian ginseng”. Color of rhizomes should be white, with strong aroma, spicy and astringent taste. Due to its properties, eleuterococcus is widely used in medicine and in production of alcoholic beverages.

The company uses roots and rhizomes of the plant for production of infusion for aromatized wines and balsams.

The area occupied by this plant on the fields of CJSC “Buket Moldavii” is 0.01 hectares.

 

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